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MRI tracking of living stem cells

In recent years, tissue regeneration by transplanting mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and various functional cells derived from induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells is attracting great attentions. However, it is difficult to clarify the engraftment ratio, migration, and survival time in vivo. We have been focusing on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for cell monitoring because of its better advantages in observation depth and resolution compared with optical imaging system. We synthesized water-soluble contrast agents by introducing gadolinium (Gd) chelate (DOTA) to the dextran or PVA and labeled MSCs, iPScells, and other cells with them by electroporation. The fate of these cells was successfully clarified by MRI.

Fig.1 Polymeric MRI contrast agent for transplanted stem cell tracking


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